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Saturday, December 21, 2013

Mount Hermon Catechism: Lord's Day 51 - The Lord's Prayer (II)

Q351: What do we pray for in the fifth petition of the Lord’s Prayer?
A351: In the fifth petition, which is “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,” we ask that God be pleased, on account of Christ’s atoning work, to freely pardon all our sins, and are encouraged to ask this because by His grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.
           Matthew 6:12; 18:35; Psalm 51:1, 3, 7; Mark 11:25

Q352: What gracious promise has Christ given to us concerning this fifth petition?
A352: Christ has given us the gracious promise that if we forgive others their trespasses, our heavenly Father will also forgive us.
           Matthew 6:14

Q353: What solemn warning has Christ given to us concerning this fifth petition?
A353: Christ has given us the solemn warning that if we do not forgive others their trespasses, our heavenly Father will not forgive us our trespasses.
           Matthew 6:14; 18:21-35

Q354:  Does this gracious promise and solemn warning concerning forgiveness contradict the gospel of salvation by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ?
A354: Certainly not; rather, this promise and warning teach us that no person should believe himself to have truly repented and believed, having found forgiveness in Christ, if he is not also able and willing to forgive all who sin against him.
           Matthew 6:14; 10:8; Luke 17:3-4; Ephesians 4:32

Q355:  What do we pray for in the sixth petition of the Lord’s Prayer?
A355: In the sixth petition, which is “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil”, we ask God to preserve and strengthen us by the power of the Holy Spirit, that we may not be overcome by the unceasing assaults of our great enemies - the devil, the world, and our own flesh - but that we may constantly and strenuously resist our foes, till at last we obtain a complete victory.
           1 Peter 5:8; Ephesians 6:12; John 15:19; Romans 7:23; Galatians 5:17; Matthew 26:41; 1 Thessalonians 5:23

Q356: What does the conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer teach us?
A356: The conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer, which is “For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory,” teaches us to praise God in prayer, to find our encouragement in prayer from God’s great willingness and ability to give us all good, and to aim for His glory in all that we ask.
           Matthew 6:13; Romans 10:11-12; 2 Peter 2:9; John 14:13; Jeremiah 33:8-9; Psalm 115:1

Q357:  What is the meaning of the word “Amen” at the end of the Lord’s Prayer?
A357: The word “Amen” at the end of the Lord’s Prayer means “It shall be so,” and declares our confidence that God has heard our prayer and will give us all that we need, for His glory and our good, in accordance with His sovereign will.
            Matthew 5:18; 6:13; Romans 11:36; 16:27

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